Corruption in Organizations: Ethical Climate and Individual Motives

To effectively withhold employees from engaging in corruption, organizations could deploy measures that strengthen an organizations’ ethical climate and encourage ethical decision-making based on concern for the wellbeing of others, as well as measures increasing the strength of personal and social norms to refrain from corruption.

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Toxic Corporate Culture: Assessing Organizational Processes of Deviancy

There is widespread recognition that organizational culture matters in corporations involved in systemic crime and wrongdoing. However, we know far less about how to assess and alter toxic elements within a corporate culture. The present paper draws on management science, anthropology, sociology of law, criminology, and social psychology to explain what organizational culture is and how it can sustain illegal and harmful corporate behavior. Through analyzing the corporate cultures at BP, Volkswagen, and Wells Fargo, this paper demonstrates that organizational toxicity does not just exist when corporate norms are directly opposed to legal norms.

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Bribery and Corruption: The COSO Framework, FCPA, and U.K. Bribery Act

Long-established major U.S. corporations such as McDonalds, Walmart, and Proctor and Gamble continue to derive a majority of revenues from foreign operations. In addition, a number of relatively new U.S. technology companies such as: Airbnb (2008); Facebook (2004); Snap (2011); Twitter (2006); and Uber (2009), find themselves deep into international markets, often within just a few years of creation, and certainly by the end of their first decade of operation. Increased international commerce results in the potential for greater exposure to global demands for bribery. Bribery and corruption remains a cancer eating away at the ability of nation states to provide for their citizens. Corrupt payments siphons off funds that might otherwise be used to: provide housing; feed the hungry; fight poverty, illness and disease; and educate the masses.

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Corruption in Organizations: Ethical Climate and Individual Motives

The aim of this research was to examine how organizational and individual factors, in concert, shape corruption. We examined whether the ethical climate of organizations is related to corruption, and if so, whether it affects corruption through individual motives for corruption.

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The Impact of International Cooperation on FCPA Enforcement

This paper’s goal is to analyze the impact of the UNCAC and the OECD Convention in improving international cooperation in foreign bribery. For the purposes of this study, the U.S. actions will be used as a proxy to determine if the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and the UNCAC were able to enhance the articulation between countries. Since the U.S. was the only country to have a statute that forbade foreign bribery before the OECD Convention, it is useful to perceive how the U.S. has implemented mechanisms of coordination among other countries when bringing FCPA cases, after other countries adopted the Convention.

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