Corporate Criminal Liability, Moral Culpability, and the Yates Memo

This article examines the Department of Justice's Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations (contained in the USAM) and considers the concept of "moral culpability" within them. The article goes on to propose revising the Principles of Prosecution to better focus on questions of "corporate moral culpability" as a means of more accurately assessing corporate criminal liability. In doing so, the article proposes not only changes to the Principles of Prosecution, but changes to the common law respondeat superior test for corporate liability. Finally, the article considering the impact of the Yates Memo on corporate charging decisions and the Principles of Prosecution.

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Individual Accountability for Corporate Crimes after the Yates Memo: Deferred Prosecution Agreements & Criminal Justice Reform

In response to the criticism regarding lack of accountability for individual corporate wrongdoers, Deputy Attorney General Sally Quillan Yates of the Department of Justice issued a memo on September 9, 2015, outlining new guidelines for individual accountability. These guidelines have since been incorporated into the United States Attorney's Manual. Even so, the Department of Justice has entered into several deferred prosecution agreements since the issuance of the Yates Memo where no individual wrongdoers were charged, raising concerns about adherence to the new policy. Several months before the release of the Memo, Judge Richard Leon of the District Court for the District of Columbia refused to approve a deferred prosecution agreement because he found the agreement to be overly lenient for the corporate crime at issue.

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Nieuw beleid DOJ tegen ‘piling on’

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein heeft afgelopen woensdag nieuw beleid van de. DOJ aangekondigd die de coördinatie tussen verschillende afdelingen van DOJ alsmede andere opsporingsautoriteiten aanmoedigt. Dit met als doel te voorkomen dat voor hetzelfde gedrag meerdere sancties worden opgelegd, het zogenaamde "piling on". Piling on creëert onzekerheid voor bedrijven. 

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Continuity in a Transition Year

Like prior years, 2017 was notable for enforcement actions against business organizations across a wide industry spectrum, involving conduct around the globe, and ranging from egregious instances of corporate bribery executed at the highest levels of the company and involving hundreds of millions of dollars to garden variety allegations of sports tickets, internships for family members of alleged foreign officials, and charitable donations. In addition, 2017 was also notable for enforcement agency policy and related developments including the Department of Justice’s announcement of an “FCPA Corporate Enforcement Policy.”

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Top 10 hoogste FCPA boetes

De laatste schikking van 2017 onder de Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) was die met Keppel Offshore & Marine ter waarde van €352 miljoen voor het betalen van steekpenningen in Brazilië, op plaats 7 in de top tien grootste FCPA-schikkingen. De nummer 1 in de top 10 grootste FCPA boetes is Telia met een schikking van €805 miljoen. Drie Nederlandse dochterondernemingen van Telia hebben tussen 2007 en 2010 steekpenningen aan Gulnara Karimova, de presidentsdochter van Oezbekistan, betaald. Daarom gaat een deel van de schikking – €229 miljoen, naar de Nederlandse schatkist. Wie staan er nog meer in de top 10 hoogste FCPA boetes allertijden?

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Deputy Attorney General Announces Comprehensive Review of DOJ Corporate Enforcement Policies

DOJ is reviewing and reevaluating numerous corporate enforcement policies, including the “Yates Memo,” the FCPA Pilot Program, and policies on corporate monitors.

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Artikel: The FCPA's Record-Breaking Year

On a number of levels, 2016 was a record-breaking year for Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement. This article, part of annual series, highlights how 2016 witnessed the largest number of corporate enforcement actions and largest aggregate corporate settlement amounts in the FCPA’s nearly 40 year history. 

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Artikel: Coughing Up Executives or Rolling the Dice? Individual Accountability for Corporate Corruption

“Flesh-and-blood” corporate criminals have long been a major focus of U.S. enforcement authorities in the battle against foreign bribery. Many of the actions taken against individuals were largely enabled due to the cooperation of culpable corporations with investigative authorities. For years, this cooperation was encouraged by the award of “cooperation credit,” which is a mitigated approach toward cooperating corporations. The Yates Memorandum promulgated recently by the Department of Justice, however, has changed the rules of the game.

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Artikel: The Market for Global Anticorruption Enforcement

In just two decades, enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) has evolved from a backwater of corporate and international financial crime to one of the most prominent and feared laws in those fields. What accounts for the ten-fold increase, over just 15 years, in the annual FCPA case volume produced by United States enforcers?

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Vijf industrieën met meeste FCPA-onderzoeken

Vijf specifieke industrieën hebben het meest te maken FCPA-gerelateerde onderzoeken. In totaal lopen er op dit moment in 44 industrieën FCPA-gerelateerde onderzoeken.

Read More
Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF